|Goel, M.; Heinrich, C.D.; Krauss, G.; Thelakkat, M.: Principles of Structural Design of Conjugated Polymers Showing Excellent Charge Transport toward Thermoelectrics and Bioelectronics Applications, Macromolecular Rapid Communications, 1800915 (2019) -- DOI: 10.1002/marc.201800915|
Conjugated polymers, especially their second generation with a donor–acceptor alternating structure, have promising properties. These are suitable for two emerging fields, thermoelectrics and bioelectronics, if appropriate structural designs are implemented. This review aims to give a perspective for the potential and challenges of novel conjugated polymers in such applications. In particular, the aspects of synthetic design and the consequences of modifications of the chemical structure on the charge transport in selected second‐generation conjugated polymers are reviewed. By understanding the effects of structural motifs on the overall material properties, polymers can be specifically tailored for the respective application. The basics of charge transport measurements are briefly summarized, as the charge transport plays an important role for thermoelectrics as well as for bioelectronics. In particular, the correlation between the reported charge carrier mobility values and the structural design of the polymers is reviewed. Examples of the application of second‐generation conducting polymers in thermoelectrics and bioelectronics are shown to demonstrate the current state of research. Finally, the prospect of a purposeful design of new materials for these two emerging fields is discussed.