|347. Schmalz, A.; Hanisch, M.; Schmalz, H.; Müller, A.H.E.: Double stimuli-responsive behavior of linear and star-shaped poly(N,N-diethylaminoethyl methacrylate) in aqueous solution, Polymer 51(6), 1213 (2010) -- DOI: 10.1016/j.polymer.2009.11.023|
|Key words: ATRP, double stimuli-responsive, star polymer|
We report on the synthesis and characterization of linear and star-shaped poly(N,N-diethylaminoethyl methacrylate) (PDEA). The synthesis was accomplished by Atom Transfer Radical Polymerization (ATRP) via a core-first approach using sugar-based multifunctional initiators. The investigation of the solution properties in water shows that PDEA is both pH- and temperature-responsive, analogous to the behavior of poly(N,N-dimethylaminoethyl methacrylate) (PDMA). In literature, PDEA is frequently referred to as being only pH-sensitive. The critical pH values for the aggregation are close to the apparent pKa values in all cases, i.e. a high charge density is necessary to keep the polymers soluble. The cloud points show a strong dependence on the pH value of the solution but no dependence on either molecular weight or architecture. Thus, the two polymers differ only quantitatively as PDEA has cloud points about 40 K lower than PDMA and critical pH values which are 1.5-2 units lower than PDMA.
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