|410. Penott-Chang, E.K.; Walther, A.; Millard, P.-E.; Jäger, A.; Jäger, E.; Müller, A.H.E.; Guterres, S.S.; Pohlmann, A.R.: Amphiphilic diblock copolymer and polycaprolactone blends to produce new vesicular nanocarriers, J. Biomed. Nanotechnol. 8, 272 (2012) -- DOI: 10.1166/jbn.2012.1389|
|Key words: nanocapsules, amphiphilic block copolymer, caprolactone, PDMAEMA, melatonin, cryo-TEM, DLS|
New Melatonin-loaded vesicular nanocarriers were prepared by interfacial deposition using a blend of an amphiphilic diblock copolymer, poly(methyl methacrylate)-block-poly(2-(dimethylamino)ethyl methacrylate), PMMA-b-PDMAEMA, with poly(ε-caprolactone), PCL. Particle size and morphology of the nanocarriers was evaluated. Dynamic light scattering shows that the nanocarriers have hydrodynamic radii between 100 and 180 nm, with unimodal particle size distribution for each formulation. Shape and structure were visualized by transmission electron microscopy (TEM), cryogenic TEM and scanning electron microscopy. Standard TEM for nanocapsules showed an oily core surrounded by a thin layer composed by PCL/PMMA-b-PDMAEMA. Cryo-TEM also indicated the presence of spherical nano-objects with a diffuse polymer corona. Encapsulation efficiencies were determined assaying the nanoparticles by HPLC and higher values of ca. 25% are shown by the nanocapsules. We could successfully incorporate platinum nanoparticles into the nanocarrier as evidenced by TEM, which opens up the possibility for promising applications like monitoring the encapsulated drug in the body.