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Macromolecular Chemistry I:

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Sommer, M.; Thelakkat, M.: Synthesis, Characterization and Application of Donor-Acceptor Block Copolymers in Nanostructured Bulk Heterojunction Solar Cells, The European Physics Journal - Applied Physics, 36, 245-249 (2006)
Key words: B4
The synthesis and properties of two semiconducting donor-acceptor (D-A) block copolymers and their application in nanostructured bulk heterojunction solar cells are reported. The donor segments were obtained via nitroxide mediated polymn. of either bis(4-methoxyphenyl)-4'-vinylphenylamine or N,N'-bis(4-methoxyphenyl)-N-phenyl-N'-4-vinylphenyl-[1,1 'biphenyl]-4,4'-diamine. Narrow-distributed macroinitiators, poly{bis(4-methoxyphenyl)-4'-vinylphenylamine} (PvDMTPA) and poly{N,N'-bis(4-methoxyphenyl)-N-phenyl-N'-4-vinylphenyl-[1,1 'biphenyl]-4,4'-diamine} (PvDMTPD) were used to polymerize the acceptor monomer perylene diimide acrylate (PerAcr) to yield block copolymers with well-defined mol. wts. Different diblock copolymers, PvDMTPA-block-PPerAcr and PvDMTPD-block-PPerAcr, with high perylene diimide wt. fractions were prepd. The block copolymers exhibited efficient fluorescence quenching. Transmission electron microscopy revealed wire-like and worm-like nanostructures throughout bulk samples. Thin film photovoltaic devices showed short circuit currents JSC of up to 1.21 mA/cm2 and power conversion efficiencies eta of 0.32% under AM 1.5 illumination conditions.
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