|Schrögel, P.; Tomkeviciene, A.; Strohriegl, P.; Hoffmann, S.; Köhler, A.; Lennartz, Ch.: A series of CBP-derivatives as host materials for blue phosphorescent organic light-emitting diodes, Journal of Materials Chemistry, 21(7), 2266-2273 (2011) -- DOI: 10.1039/c0jm03321a|
We report a series of CBP-derivatives with superior thermal and electronic properties for the use as host materials for blue electrophosphorescent organic light emitting diodes. We applied a systematic variation of the substitution pattern in the 2- and 2'-position of the biphenyl unit and the 3- and 6-position of the carbazole moieties. In contrast to the crystalline parent compound CBP, all methyl and trifluoromethyl substituted derivatives show amorphous behaviour. Substitution in the 2- and 2'-position of the biphenyl causes a twisting of the phenyl rings. Hence, the degree of conjugation of the molecules is limited which leads to enlarged triplet energies of approximately 2.95 eV compared to 2.58 eV for CBP. The methyl substitution at the active 3- and 6-position of the pendant carbazole units yields materials with an electrochemically stable behaviour against oxidation.