|Hufnagel, M.; Fischer, M.; Thurn-Albrecht, T.; Thelakkat, M.: Influence of Fullerene Grafting Density on Structure, Dynamics, and Charge Transport in P3HT-b-PPC61BM Block Copolymers, Macromolecules, 49(5), 1637–1647 (2016) -- DOI: 10.1021/acs.macromol.5b02276|
A series of tailor-made poly(3-hexylthiophene)-block-PPCBM (P3HT-b-PPCBM) block copolymers incorporating P3HT as donor and a polystyrene with pendant fullerenes (PC61BM) as acceptor block (PPCBM) is presented. The grafting density of PC61BM was varied between 26 and 60 wt %. This has high impact on structure formation, molecular dynamics, and charge transport. It causes considerable increase in glass transition temperature (Tg from 150 to 200 °C). The Tg of the amorphous PPCBM block restricts the dynamics of structure evolution of the block copolymer resulting in an incomplete microphase separation, although structural studies revealed a donor–acceptor nanostructure of 30–40 nm in bulk and thin films. All block copolymers exhibit ambipolar charge transport in organic field-effect transistors. Further, the most densely grafted system showed 2 orders of magnitude higher electron mobility. Thus, the fullerene grafting density turned out as a key parameter in designing P3HT-b-PPCBM systems for tuning phase separation and charge transport.