|Drummer, M.; Liang, C.; Kreger, K.; Rosenfeldt, S.; Greiner, A.; Schmidt, H.-W.: Stable Mesoscale Nonwovens of Electrospun Polyacrylonitrile and Interpenetrating Supramolecular 1,3,5-Benzenetrisamide Fibers as Efficient Carriers for Gold Nanoparticles, ACS Applied Materials Interfaces, Articles asap (2021) -- DOI: 10.1021/acsami.1c06442|
The immobilization of metal nanoparticles without agglomeration and leaching within composite nonwovens is often challenging and of great importance, for example, for catalytic applications. In this study, we prepared composite nonwovens based on electrospun polyacrylonitrile (PAN) short fibers and supramolecular terpyridine-functionalized benzene-1,3,5-tricarboxamide (BTA1) nanofibers by a sheet-forming wet-laid process. The formation of an interpenetrating and entangled network of supramolecular BTA1 nanofibers and PAN short fibers results in mechanically stable mesoscale nonwovens. Because of the peripheral terpyridine substituents of the BTA1, nonaggregated gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) could be immobilized efficiently in the composite nonwovens. The functionality of the resulting AuNPs-loaded composite nonwovens was verified by catalytic reduction of 4-nitrophenol to 4-aminophenol as a standard model reaction. The AuNPs-loaded PAN/BTA1 composite nonwovens showed high catalytic activity, reusability, and excellent stability.