|252. Baskaran, D.; Müller, A.H.E.: Anionic Vinyl Polymerization 50 Years After Michael Szwarc, Prog. Polym. Sci. 32, 173 (2007)|
We present a review on the present status of anionic polymerization of important non-polar and polar vinyl monomers. After presenting the historical background the "pre-Szwarc" era we discuss the mechanisms of this polymerization, in particular several types of carbanions, their ion-pairs and their aggregates occurring in the initiation and propagation of non-polar and polar monomers, including recent developments. Finally, we discuss some important scientific and industrial applications of anionic polymerization.